05 / 07 / 2011
Facts you may not know about mosquitoes
- There are 3000 species of mosquito in the world and are believed to have originated in the 16th century.
- They are very prominent in Africa
- They weigh 2.5 milligrams and can fly at speeds of up to 1.5 miles per hour.
- It beats its wings up to 600 times per minute
- The females have a lifespan of up to a month and the males live for ten to twenty days.
- Females of some species can live for up to six months.
- They never stray more than three miles form their breeding ground
- The word mosquito is Spanish for little fly
- They feed mainly on fruit and pant nectar and only the female’s bite – feeding on the protein of the blood which is used to develop her eggs. She can carry up to 300 eggs at a time.
- Larval and pupal stages develop in water and eggs develop into adult mosquitoes in 4 to 7 days
- They are attracted to humans by the smell of carbon dioxide, sweat, lactic acid, octenol as well as body heat. Octenol is what gives blood its metallic smell
- It can drink three times its weight in blood and it would take 1.2 million bites to drain the average sized human
- The itchiness of their bite is caused by the chemicals found in their saliva
- The carry some of the deadliest diseases known to man, including malaria.
- They cause millions of deaths every year in the developing world – especially amongst the elderly and young children.
- They are not, however, able to transmit the AIDS virus
- Mosquitoes are a source of food for many animals such as birds, bat, dragonflies and frogs
- Mosquitoes are not affected by electronic devices and devices that this use this as a deterrent are completely ineffective