The park is divided into two regions – the Tsavo East and Tsavo West. These two regions are very different in appearance. Tsavo West has a varied topography consisting of granite outcrops, lava fields and semi-arid plains. In contrast Tsavo East does not have as many mountains. Its vegetation is mainly thorn bush scrub with the odd patch of green. Droughts are more common in East Tsavo.
Like the Amboseli National Park, the area has large herds of elephant, as well as other animals such as lions, leopard, cheetah, caracal, serval, fringe eared oryx, gerenuk, lesser kudu, black rhino, hippo, giraffe and crocodile.
The park is popular amongst experienced rock climbers. The setting is wonderful, with roaming elephants below and soaring eagles and vultures above. An early start is recommended as it can get hot on clear days when Mount Kilimanjaro is visible.
Tsavo is a good choice of destination for those safari enthusiasts seeking privacy and solitude with the focus on wildlife. Finch Hattons Camp, a privately owned camp situated in Tsavo West, is a good choice. The luxurious tents are all built on elevated platforms with magnificent views of the surrounding springs and forest. The cuisine is superb and the chefs manage to prepare gourmet meals in this remote bush setting and dietary requirements can be catered for. Activities include early and mid morning and afternoon game drives with expert guides, nature walks, and excursions to the Amboseli National Park can be arranged.